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Transnational Training Event

AI and crisis management in the field of health and beyond: the pandemic experience

Coimbra (Portugal),
16-17 May, 2024
16-17 May, 2024
Host Partner
University of Coimbra
Faculty of Law, Colégio da Trindade
Tv. da Trindade 15-1
Coimbra (Portugal)
Programme (173.99 KB)


This event will address the potential as well as the inherent risks of the use of artificial intelligence systems in health crisis from the perspective first, of the fundamental right to health and second, from the perspective of management of health crisis.

Firstly, with the aim of inviting European judges to analyse the extent to which artificial intelligence influences the actions of the public administration in addressing, specifically, the COVID-19 crisis and the challenges presented from compliance with fundamental rights.

And secondly, to lay down the problems arising from the use of artificial intelligence systems by private actors in the health market (especially private health service providers) when adopting personalised decisions about patients (for example, about the ideal treatment for a patient) and their impact on fundamental rights.


8:45 – 9:00Registration
9:00 – 09:30

Institutional greetings

AI and crisis management in the field of health and beyond: the pandemic experience 

Room – Capela

Mireia Artigot Golobardes (University of Pompeu Fabra) 
Tommaso De Mari - Laura Piva (University of Trento) 
Paola Iamiceli (University of Trento)

09:30 – 11:15

The aftermath of Covid-19: promises and perils of AI in crisis management

Chair: Paola Iamiceli (University of Trento) 
Room – Capela

Technological solutions in times of crisis: ethical and legal considerations 
Mihalis Kritikos (Policy Analyst on Artificial Intelligence Ethics and Trustworthy Governance of AI, Research Ethics and Integrity Sector, DG Research & Innovation, European Commission)

Artificial rationality and the right to individualized medical care 
Angelo Costanzo (Corte di Cassazione)

Programming Machine Ethics in Health Context 
Ana Elisabete Ferreira (University of Coimbra Institute for Legal Research – UCILeR)

AI, pandemics and fundamental duties – is there a right to opt out? 
Suzana Tavares da Silva (Supreme Administrative Court, University of Coimbra)

Decision-making in times of pandemic: the possible role for AI?
Fabrizio Cafaggi


11:15-11:30Coffee Break

Artificial Intelligence, Crisis Management and Robustness of Fundamental Rights

Chair: André Dias Pereira (University of Coimbra)
Room – Capela

Mission: Recognition — Unmasking Facial Tech in Healthcare and  the Legal Conundrum 
Vera Lúcia Raposo (Nova University of Lisbon)

The role of the (human) judge in AI decisional systems 
Timothée Paris (Conseil d’État)

Patient information, therapeutic alliance and AI 
Anne-Sophie Hutin (Présidente de la CCI d’Ile de France)

Decision 14 of 14 November 2022, Constitutional Case N7 of the Bulgarian Constitutional Court on the unconstitutionality of Article 158 (5), third sentence of the Health Act 
Myra Raycheva (Supreme Administrative Court of Bulgaria)


13:00-14:30Lunch Break

Fondazione Bruno Kessler (partner of JuLIA) 
Presentation of experimental AI judicial Projec   

Group activity (Justice Lab)
IA, data protection and non-discrimination duties in pandemic management

Room - Capela

  • Methodological introduction: Marta Bastos Graça (University of Coimbra)
  • Group activity
  • Plenary session (group presentation)
    Chair: João Pinto Monteiro (University of Coimbra) & Tobias Nowak (University of Groningen)
16:00-16:15Coffee break
16.15 -18:00

Artificial Intelligence outputs in healthcare during pandemics 
Chair: Paulo Mota Pinto (University of Coimbra) 
Room - Capela

Facebook and Covid related misinformation 
Andreas Sajo (former Judge and Vice-President at the European Court of Human Rights; Professor at CEU; Facebook's Oversight Board)

Artificial intelligence versus misinformation about vaccines 
Sonia Ramos González (University of Pompeu Fabra)

A criminal case about civil resistance against the decisions of the public administration during the COVID-19 crisis and the confrontation with fundamental rights 
M. V. Scheffers and Mirjam Riemens (Rechtbank Rotterdam)


9:00 – 10:30

Ensuring effective control of public decisions in AI-supported healthcare 
Chair: Katarzyna Łakomiec 
Room – Capela

AI and the combat against pandemics: how governance reinforces some organizational values and contributes to the sustainability of crisis management 
Pedro Correia (University of Coimbra)

Emerging technologies, public innovation and fundamental rights 
Teresa Moura Anjinho (Supervisory Committee of OLAF)

Civil liability applicable to artificial intelligence – reasons for a precautionary approach
Henrique Sousa Antunes (Catholic University of Lisbon)

Narbutas v. Lithuania, application no. 14139/21 
Lijana Le Huede (District Court of Vilnius)


10:30 – 10:45Coffee break
10:45 – 12:00

Group activity (Justice Lab) 
State/hospitals' liability for defects in the use/non-use of AI systems in pandemic management

Room - Capela

  • Group activity
  • Plenary session (group presentation)
    Chair: João Pinto Monteiro (University of Coimbra) & Sonia Ramos Gonzalez (University Pompeu Fabra)
12:00 – 12:30

Artificial Intelligence before the Courts 
Paul Nemitz, European Commission’s Principal Adviser on the Digital Transition – DG for Justice and Consumers

Chair: José María Fernández Seijo


12:30 – 13:00

Keynote address 
Room – Capela

Responsible AI in Health 
Ricardo Baptista Leite (CEO of HealthAI – The Global Agency for Responsible AI in Health)

Chair: Mireia Artigot Golobardes (University Pompeu Fabra)


13:00End of the workshop
16-17 May, 2024
University of Coimbra
Faculty of Law, Colégio da Trindade
Coimbra (Portugal)